Global industrial production is concentrated in highly-engineered countries that are the largest owners of international brands and the largest consumers of goods on one hand and on the other hand in emerging economies where the main attractiveness is related to the low production costs. Low production costs are the result of several factors with separate or simultaneous action, namely labor cost, proximity of basic raw material, low electricity and water price, permissive waste management and recycling legislation, cheap infrastructure or tax incentives that stimulate and protect foreign investments.
Emerging countries are responsible today for 40% of GDP, which in absolute figures means 40,000 billion USD per year, of which at least 25% represents lohn industrial production for major international brands, especially in fashion, appliance, electronics, ship and boat building or metal industry.
The industries that most exploit the low production costs in emerging countries are manufacturing industries or industries that develop near inexpensive natural resources.
FASHION INDUSTRY, ESTIMATED TO 3000 BILLIONS USD IN 2018 INCLUDES:
1. Apparel - 1470 billions USD
2. Footwear industry - 251 billions USD>
3. Leather industry -200 billions USD
4. Handbag and Purse industry - 151 billions USD
5. Jewelry industry - 350 billions USD
6. Cosmetics industry-532 billions USD in 2018>
BEVERAGE INDUSTRY INCLUDES:
7. Beer industry -590 billions USD in 2018
8. Wine manufacturing- 302 billions USD in 2017
9. Spirits industry - 627 billions USD in 2016 with annually growth 8,7%
a) Non-Alcoholic Beverage Market By Product (Bottled Water, Carbonated Soft Drinks (CSD), Fruit Beverages, Functional Beverages, and Sports Drinks) - 1157 billions USD in 2017
b) Bottled Water industry-260 billions USD in 2018
c) Carbonated Soft Drinks (CSD)-392 billions USD in 2016
11. Automation industry -217 billions USD in 2017>
12. Packaging industry-1000 billions USD
13. Appliance -437 billions USD
14. Consumer Electronics - 1000 billions USD
15. Semiconductor and Electronic Parts-540 billions USD
16. Chemicals industry - 3850 billions USD in 2015 with annual growth rate of 3.9%
17. Fertilizers and agricultural chemicals -377 billions USD
18. Food industry-8100 billions USD
19.Computer hardware industry- 1113 billions USD in 2018
20. Software and IT services- 3500 billions USD https://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3482917
21. Autoparts&accessories industry - 2000 billions USD
22. Automobile Engine and Parts industry-301 billions USD
23. Car and Automobile industry - 2000billions USD
24. Pharmaceuticals-1000 billions USD
25. Plastic Product and Packaging - 488 billions USD
26. Cigarette and Tobacco - 750 billions USD
- 1. Philip Morris International Inc. PM 0.05% ->$175 billion.
- 2. Altria Group Inc MO 1.09% ->$139 billion.
- 3. British American Tobacco - $129 billion.
- 4. Reynolds American - $89 billion.
- 5. Tokyo-listed Japan Tobacco Inc (TYO: 2914) - $68 billion.
- 6. London-listed Imperial Brands PLC (LON: IMB) - $61 billion.
27. Ship and Boat Building-169 billions USD
28. Pulp and Paper industry-380 billions USD
29. Machine tools - 120 billions USD
30. Furniture - 470 billions USD
31. Toys industry - 180 billions USD
32. Petrochemicals -791 billions USD
33. Metal industry - 2374 billions USD